Whatever happened to dual-purpose?
The following data is taken from various sources to show how the Swiss breeders have tried to improve the beef characteristics over time in the Original breed. What must be remembered is that in 1934 the emphasis was on a dual purpose animal, then in 1971 that emphasis was changing to be for a milk only animal. In 1993 they noticed that the beef characteristics were gone and they needed to change their focus again. Therefore they set some standards that they were attempting to meet. In 2000 we see how far they still have to go to meet these standards.
What is the most interesting is that the average yield percentages in the year 2000 are below what they were in 66 years earlier!!! This goes to show you that the Swiss Braunvieh animals have been selected for high milk yield only at the expense of the beef characteristic.
Meanwhile in Canada....
Here is what happened In Switzerland...
Born 1891 Hektor 148 cm at 3.5 years Born 1990s Ringo 5 years of age.
1934 Steer feeding test results
In 1934 a test was conducted by the Agricultural School in Liebenfeld-Bern, recorded by J. Landis, entitled "Mastversuche mit Rindern und Ochsen unter besondereer Berucksichtigung der Jungviehmast 2. Mitteilung". The test results are recorded in the book, Landwirtschaftliches Jahrbuch der Schweiz, (Bern), 1936. The English translation of the title is "Beef test for heifers and steers with special regard to young animal feeding, second bulletin". Here are the results.
Table 1. Feeding test results
Table 2. Slaughter results
1971 Breeding Bull market results from Zug
In 1971 at the Bull market in Zug, actual weight and height measurements were taken. The averages were recorded in the official Braunvieh magazine "Mitteilungen 1/1972. page 93." Here are the results:
Table 3. Average measurements and weights of all adult bulls and cows in the herdbook in 1971
Table 4. Average weight per day of age of all young
bulls at Zug bull market 1971
1993 Original Braunvieh Ideal Goals
In 1993 the Braunvieh breeders noticed that the beef performance of their animals had fallen to pre-war levels. They decided to set some breed goals for the Original dual-purpose animals. These goals are listed here. What must be remembered is that these values are not what they have attained but rather what they would like to attain. The information is excerpted from the May/June 1993 issue of the Schweizer Braunvieh magazine.
2000 Feeding test results
In the publication "Original Züchter Nummer 38/Juni 2000 on page 20 are the results of the feeding test of 206 animals. (Note the table in the publication has an error in the total animals.) Here are the results:
Table 5. Feed and slaughter information of Original
Braunvieh bulls in 2000
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